The CFPB discussed this subject in an article on October 9, 2022, on the CFPB website.
Homebuyers and homeowners can ask for a lender to reconsider a home valuation the consumer believes to be inaccurate. This process is often referred to as a “reconsideration of value” or “ROV.” Borrowers can point out, for example, factual or other errors or omissions, inadequate comparable properties, or provide evidence that the appraisal was influenced by prohibited bias. Undervaluation, for example, can prevent a homeowner from accessing accumulated equity, whether through sale or a home equity loan.
Responsible lenders typically will provide borrowers with clear, actionable information about how to raise concerns about the accuracy of an appraisal. A lender’s reconsideration of value process must ensure that all borrowers have an opportunity to explain why they believe that a valuation is inaccurate and the benefit of a reconsideration to determine whether an adjustment is appropriate. While an individual lender’s reconsideration of valuation process may vary, lenders must make sure that their reconsideration of value process is nondiscriminatory and available and accessible to all.
Some lenders include information about how to request a reconsideration of value in the copies of appraisals and other home valuations required under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act Valuations Rule. Other lenders may provide information about the reconsideration of value process and a borrower’s ability to provide relevant information before an appraisal is conducted. When lenders provide borrowers with clear, plain-language notice of reconsideration of value opportunities, lenders help ensure that their reconsideration of value process is nondiscriminatory. Lenders that fail to have a clear and consistent method to ensure that borrowers can seek a reconsideration of value risk violating federal law.